Interview with Dr. Sherif Arafa: Using humour in the face of Arab politics
Keywords:positive psychology, humour, culture, Arab, political cartoons
AbstractIn this volume of the Middle East Journal of Positive Psychology, we explore the views, hopes, and current research agendas of those working to advance knowledge in the field of positive psychology within the MENA region, or who research aspects of culture and religion relevant to it. We uncover their thoughts on the current status of knowledge as well as what opportunities and pitfalls exist in the field. Here, we discuss with Dr. Sherif Arafa, political cartoonist and MAPP graduate, his thoughts on the role of humour in individual and social wellbeing, as well as the need for more humour research in the region.
Baez, S., Herrera, E., García, A. M., Manes, F., Young, L., & Ibáñez, A. (2017). Outcome-oriented moral evaluation in terrorists. Nature Human Behaviour, 1, Article no. 0118.
Carnegie, D. (1937). Public speaking and influencing men in business. Association Press.
Covey, S. R. (1989). The 7 habits of highly effective people. New York, NY: Simon & Shuster.
Fredrickson, B. L., & Branigan, C. (2005). Positive emotions broaden the scope of attention and thought-action repertoires. Cognition & Emotion, 19(3), 313-332.
Freud, S. (1928). Humor. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 9, 1-6.
Gallup. (2011). Egypt from Tahrir to transition: Egyptians on their assets and challenges and what leaders should do about it. Abu Dhabi Gallup Centre. Retrieved August 28, 2017, from www.gallup.com/poll/157046/egypt-tahrir-transition.aspx
Gander, F., Proyer, R. T., Ruch, W., & Wyss, T. (2013). Strength-based positive interventions: Further evidence for their potential in enhancing well-being and alleviating depression. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14(4), 1241-1259.
Gerrig, R., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2012). Psychology and life (20th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Hoption, C., Barling, J., & Turner, N. (2013). “It's not you, it's me”: Transformational leadership and self-deprecating humor. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 34(1), 4-19.
Huang, L., Gino, F., & Galinsky, A. D. (2015). The highest form of intelligence: Sarcasm increases creativity for both expressers and recipients. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 131, 162-177.
Hy, L. X., & Loevinger, J. (1996). Measuring ego development. (Rev. Ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Kahneman, D., & Deaton, A. (2010). High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-being. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(38), 16489-16493.
Kazarian, S. S. (2011). Humor in the collectivist Arab Middle East: The case of Lebanon. International Journal of Humor Research, 24(3), 329-348.
Lefcourt, H. M. (1996). Perspective-taking humor and authoritarianism as predictors of anthropocentrism. Humor, 9(1), 57-71.
Lefcourt, H. M., Davidson, K., Shepherd, R., Phillips, M., Prkachin, K., & Mills, D. (1995). Perspective-taking humor: Accounting for stress moderation. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 14(4), 373-391.
Lefcourt, H. M., & Shepherd, R. S. (1995). Organ donation, authoritarianism, and perspective-taking humor. Journal of Research in Personality, 29(1), 121-138.
Lonigan, C. J., & Vasey, M. W. (2009). Negative affectivity, effortful control, and attention to threat-relevant stimuli. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37(3), 387-399.
Martin, R. A., Puhlik-Doris, P., Larsen, G., Gray, J., & Weir, K. (2003). Individual differences in uses of humor and their relation to psychological well-being: Development of the Humor Styles Questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality, 37(1), 48-75.
Maslow, A. H. (1970). Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper & Row.
Matte, G. (2001). A psychoanalytical perspective of humor. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 14(3), 223-241.
Okasha, A., & Okasha, T. (2012). Religion, spirituality and the concept of mental illness. Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría, 40(Suppl. 2), 73-79.
[Papyrus with satirical vignettes.] (ca. 1250–1150 BC). Collection online (Museum No. EA10016, 1). Retrieved from the British Museum website: http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details/collection_image_gallery.aspx?assetId=1058476001&objectId=117404&partId=1
Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Rogers, C. (1995). A way of being. Boston, USA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York, NY: Free Press.
Spiegel, J. S. (2012). Open-mindedness and intellectual humility. Theory and Research in Education, 10(1), 27-38.
Stieger, S., Formann, A. K., & Burger, C. (2011). Humor styles and their relationship to explicit and implicit self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(5), 747-750.
Van Boven, L. (2005). Experientialism, materialism, and the pursuit of happiness. Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 132-142.