Constructing and Validating Psychological Instrument Al-Akhlaq Al Karimah Quality of Life for Indonesian Muslims

Irwan Nuryana Kurniawan

Abstract


This study is aimed to construct and validate a psychological instrument Al-Akhlaq Al-Karimah Quality of Life (AK-QOL) for Indonesian Muslims. This preliminary study involved 372 students of Universitas Islam Indonesia, divided into two studies, namely Study I of 192 students and Study II of 180 students. This study also included the Maqashid Shariah Quality of Life (MS-QOL;Mohamad, Azman, Ali, Yusoff, & Omar, 2015) and World Health Organizaton Quality of Life-Brief Version (WHO, 1996) as validation criteria and Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale-Short Form (MCSDS-SF; Reynolds, 1982) as control variable. This study went through exploratory factor analysis to explore the possibilities of what underlying components of AK-QOL that can assess muslims quality of life. AK-QOL-Form W (44 items) and Form I (48 items) were utilized in this study which both has fulfilled the requirements for analysis. These questionnaires are reliable shown by the value of Cronbach, for AK-QOL-Form W α = 0.934, and Form I α = 0.937. Results shows that AK-QOL-Form W constructed two factors with eigenvalues ≥ 1 and shows variance as much as 9.384 and 2.594 for Form-W, and 7.762 for Form-I. Both factors simultaneously are able to describe the total variance of AK-QOL as much as 54.449% for Form-W, and one factor Form-I is able to describe the total variance AK-QOL as much as 55.443%. The finding of moderate to strong correlation with criterion variables demonstrated early evidences of the validity of AK-QOL. This study shows that AK-QOL can be utilized to assess the quality of life of Muslims in Indonesia.


Keywords


Al-Akhlaq Al-Karimah; Quality of Life; Indonesian Muslims; measures

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdel-Khalek, A. M. (2010). Quality of life, subjective well-being, and religiosity in Muslim college students. Quality of Life Research, 19(8), 1133-1143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9676-7

Aflakseir, A., & Coleman, P. G. (2009). The influence of religious coping on the mental health of disabled Iranian war veterans. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 12(2), 175-190. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674670802428563

Al-Adawy, A. A. M. (2010). Fikih akhlak. (Syamsuddin, Ed.) (15th ed.). Jakarta: Qisthi Press. Retrieved from www.qisthipress.com

At-Tuwaijiri, S. M. bin I. bin A. (2014). Ensiklopedi manajemen hati (Jilid 3). (T. Darus Sunnah, Ed.) (1st ed.). Jakarta: Darus Sunnah Press.

Auda, J. (2007). Maqasid AL-Shariah as philosophy of Islamic law: A systems approach (1st ed.). The International Institute of Islamic Thought. Retrieved from https://www.muslim-library.com/dl/books/English_Maqasid_alShariah_as_Philosophy_of_Islamic_Law_A_Systems_Approach.pdf

Az-Zuhaili, W. (2104). Ensiklopedia akhlak Muslim (Jilid 2). (W. Suud, Ahmad, Nurkaib, & Y. Amru, Eds.) (1st ed.). Jakarta: Penerbit Noura Books.

Barefoot, K., & Schulenberg, S. (2015). Religion and quality of life in college age students. The University of Mississippi. Retrieved from http://thesis.honors.olemiss.edu/269/1/THESIS 2015.pdf

Brance, N., Kemp, R., & Snelgar, R. (2012). SPSS for Psychologists. In SPSS for Psychlogist.

Ferriss, A. L. (2002). Religion and the quality of life. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3(3), 199-215. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020684404438

Gardner, T. M., & Krägeloh, C. U. (2013). Religious coping , stress , and quality of life of Muslim university students in New Zealand. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, (August), 37-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2013.804044

Hebert, R., Zdaniuk, B., Schulz, R., & Scheier, M. (2009). Positive and negative religious coping and well-being in women with breast cancer. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 12(6), 537-545. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2789454/pdf/jpm.2008.0250.pdf

Iacobucci, D., & Duhachek, A. (2003). Advancing Alpha: Measuring reliability with confidence. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 13(4), 478-487. Retrieved from https://www2.owen.vanderbilt.edu/dawn.iacobucci/articles/jcpalpha_IacobucciDuhachek.pdf

Idler, E. L., McLaughlin, J., & Kasl, S. (2009). Religion and the quality of life in the last year of life. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64(4), 528-37. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbp028

Kristanti, M. S., Setiyarini, S., & Effendy, C. (2017). Enhancing the quality of life for palliative care cancer patients in Indonesia through family caregivers: A pilot study of basic skills training. BMC Palliative Care, 16(1), 4. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-016-0178-4

Kurniawan, I. N., & Dewi, W. A. K. (2017). Pengembangan model pengukuran psikologis kualitas hidup berbasis akhlak mulia. Yogyakarta.

Mahmud, A. A. H. (2004). Akhlak mulia. (H. Wibowo, Ed.) (I). Jakarta: Gema Insani Press. Retrieved from http://www.gemainsani.co.id

Mccullough, M. E., & Willoughby, B. L. B. (2009). Religion, self-regulation, and self-control: Associations, explanations, and implications. Psychological Bulletin, 135(1), 69-93. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014213

Mohamad, M., Azman, N., Ali, M., Yusoff, H. M., & Omar, N. (2015). Validating the Measurement of Maqasid Syariah Quality of Life (I-QoL) Model among spiritual rehabilitation drug abusers. Kuala Trengganu, Malaysia. Retrieved from http://www.iais.org.my/e/attach/2015/maqasid2015/pdf/s3s5_paper.pdf

Olson, M. M., Trevino, D. B., Geske, J. A., & Vanderpool, H. (2012). Religious coping and mental health outcomes: An exploratory study of socioeconomically disadvantaged patients. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 8(3), 172-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2012.02.005

Perwitasari, D. A., & Urbayatun, S. (2016). Treatment adherence and quality of life in diabetes mellitus patients in Indonesia. SAGE Open, 6(2), 215824401664374. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244016643748

Reynolds, W. M. (1982). Development of reliable and valid short forms of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38(1), 119-125.

Skevington, S. M., Gunson, K. S., & O'Connell, K. A. (2013). Introducing the WHOQOL SRPB BREF: Developing a short-form instrument for assessing spiritual, religious and personal beliefs within quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 22(5), 1073-1083. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-012-0237-0

Sohn, K. (2017). The fatter are happier in Indonesia. Quality of Life Research, 26(2), 393-402. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-016-1403-6

Uyun, Q., & Kurniawan, I. N. (2017). Terapi taubat dan istighfar sebagai intervensi untuk memperbaiki kesehatan mental mahasiswa. Yogyakarta.

Weber, S. R., & Pargament, K. I. (2014). The role of religion and spirituality in mental health. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 27(5), 358-363. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000080

WHO. (1996). WHOQOL-BREF. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/en/76.pdf

WHOQOL SRPB Group. (2002). WHOQOL-SPRB field-test instrument. Geneva, Switzerland. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/en/622.pdf

WHOQOL SRPB Group. (2006). A cross-cultural study of spirituality, religion, and personal beliefs as components of quality of life. Social Science & Medicine, 62(6), 1486-1497. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SOCSCIMED.2005.08.001


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Irwan Nuryana Kurniawan